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Anorexia Nervosa : Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Anorexia Nervosa : Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

 


Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder related to abstaining from eating, as a result of fears of increasing body weight, accompanied by a feeling of lack of self-confidence, which leads to an aversion to eating, and this is a serious psychological disorder, accompanied by many symptoms and follows the sufferer Very harsh diets, until he loses control of himself and becomes unable to control it, with severe excessive exercise, to get rid of the extra weight.

Anorexia nervosa is not just a normal disorder and abstaining from eating, but it generally affects the health of the body, the health of the mind, the mood and psychology, and the affected person imagines himself whenever he looks in the mirror, that he is a very fat person, even if he is thin, which requires a therapeutic intervention, and a review of the specialist doctor as soon as possible, and it is worth noting that anorexia nervosa is more common in women than men, especially in adolescence.

 

The causes of anorexia nervosa :

  • lack of self-confidence and dissatisfaction with the outward appearance of the body.
  • The presence of some mental disorders in a person.
  • Exposure to great pressures from people and the surrounding community. 
  • Attempting to reach perfect body shape in any way.
  • The presence of a genetic defect, related to the person's family history. 
  • Gasping for perfection and perfection.

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa

1.  Significant loss of body weight.

2.  Feeling tired and general fatigue.

3.  Chronic insomnia.

4.  Bluish color of the fingers on the hands and feet.

5.  Feeling dizzy, and going into fainting spells.

6.  Hair loss, weakness, and color fading.

7.  Chronic constipation.

8.  Dry skin, peeling skin.

9.  Low blood pressure, and dehydration in the body.

10.             The menstrual cycle stops.

11.             Defect of the heart muscle.

12.             Swollen and swollen limbs.

13.             Desire to be isolated from people and society.

14.             Feeling depressed and frustrated.

15.             Constant fear and anxiety about gaining body weight.

16.             Exercising excessively.

17.             Avoid eating.

18.             Lack of sexual life, loss of desire.

19.             Following severe and severe diets.

20.             Calculate calories for all food items.

21.             Vomiting after eating.


Diagnosis

Conducting physical examinations related to the body, such as measuring body weight and height accurately, measuring blood pressure rate, blood sugar level, body temperature, number of heart rate and its regularity, and measuring all vital processes of the body.

Conducting some laboratory tests such as: measuring the number of red and white blood cells, measuring the percentage of blood proteins, checking liver function, examining kidney function, and making an accurate examination of the thyroid hormones, and blood electrolytes.

Conducting a psychological evaluation of the patient as follows: Monitoring the quantities of food he consumes, the way he exercises, his method for following his diet, and the number of menstrual cycles that come, and whether they have been absent for three consecutive cycles or not.


Loss of appetite treatment

Some people have difficulty recognizing that they have this disorder, and difficulty following the necessary treatments. Because of a problem in getting rid of their repeated resistance to eating, the treatment aims to design a plan that meets all the needs of the patient:

  • Raising body weight to normal levels.
  • treating emotional problems; Ex: low self-esteem.
  • Getting rid of erroneous and distorted ideas.
  • Building the behavioral skills that the patient needs in the long term.

The treatment of anorexia is characterized as a long-term treatment, with the possibility of relapse, especially when feeling stressed, and it is the responsibility of friends and family to support the patient, and understand the nature of the condition and its symptoms; To help him succeed in treatment, and prevent a relapse, including:

Psychotherapy: Cognitive behavioral therapy is used in dealing with an injury, and aims to change the patient's thoughts and behaviors, specifically changing his thoughts about food and body weight, and giving him effective responses to difficult and bad situations, and nutritional counseling is used to teach the patient how to acquire healthy eating habits, and the importance of diet. Balanced to maintain a healthy body.

Medications, no drug or medication is available for treatment, however, nutritional supplements are used in some cases, in addition to medications to help control anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are frequently used in the treatment of depression and are used only in cases where it is reported The patient's weight is 95% of the normal weight, according to body length and age, and studies indicate the ability of antipsychotics - such as olanzapine - to increase body weight.

Hospital treatment, cases of malnutrition, severe low body weight, or persistent abstinence from eating need to receive treatment in the hospital, in addition to sudden psychological disorders, and treatment includes a gradual increase in the amount of food to safely lift the weight.




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