Mental Health Basics:  Top 11 Types of Mental Illness

Mental Health Basics: Top 11 Types of Mental Illness



Depression is known as depression as one of the mood disorders that affect the feelings, thinking, and behavior of the sufferer. Depression also causes the sufferer to feel permanent sadness or loss of interest in the things that were previously important to him, and it may reach the stage in which he may be unable to carry out daily activities, Depression is classified as a condition that requires long-term treatment, but the patient responds well to available treatments, which include: psychotherapy and anti-depressant drugs.

Panic disorder

Panic disorder includes panic disorder regularly having attacks From intense fear or pain, which may occur at any possible time and often without a reason to warrant that, and during these episodes, the person suffers from several symptoms, including an overwhelming feeling of fear, a rapid heart rate, sweating, pain in the chest, shortness of breath, and others.


Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder causes a sufferer to feel overwhelmed by anxiety, which seems irrational. The patient's thinking is constantly occupied, and he is constantly concerned about normal matters related to work, family, or other aspects of life that do not cause anxiety or fear, and this constant anxiety affects the patient's ability to carry out daily activities.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, arises as a response to a violent event; Such as cases of personal assault, severe accidents, or violence related to military action, or disasters, and the sufferer feels symptoms similar to those he felt during exposure to the violent event, so the painful memories reappear involuntarily, as well as nightmares and feelings, as if the victim is going through the experience that caused PTSD again.

Specific phobia

Specific phobia is defined as an unexplained, intense, and persistent fear of a specific object or situation, and this fear is not proportional in its intensity to the actual risk that the fear-causing person carries. Aware of his fear of a certain matter; Therefore, he avoids confronting it.

obsessive-compulsive disorder

An obsessive-compulsive disorder The sufferer of an obsessive-compulsive disorder suffers from an obsession with a certain idea or behavior, and wants to do it continuously, and the symptoms of this psychological disorder may include; Intense obsession with thoughts or images that cause anxiety to the patient, or the impulse to do things that control the thinking of the sufferer, or both.

you can read more about obsessive-compulsive disorder here

Other mental illnesses

There are many mental disorders that a person may have, including the following:

  • Eating disorders (in English) Eating disorders, such as Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa.
  • Addiction and impulse control disorders.
  • Psychosis disorder, like Schizophrenia. 
  • Personality disorder, such as Paranoid personality disorder.
  • Mood disorders, and among the most common disorders, including bipolar disorder