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What is Obsessive-compulsive disorder?

is one of the disorders resulting from anxiety, affecting the patient with obsessive thoughts and fears that lead to compulsive behaviors, and people with this disease realize that their behavior is abnormal and may try to ignore it and move forward, and they resort to these thoughts and actions to vent themselves out of this distress in some subconscious way, as if The injured person washes his hands excessively to the point of causing harm and wounds, and these behaviors become a ritual that cannot be practiced.

Symptoms

You can summarize some of the things that indicate an obsessive disorder, including:

  • Fear of pollution.
  • Sexual thoughts and fantasies.
  • Aggressive behavior.

 

Obsessive symptoms include:

  • fear of transmitting germs and microbes that may be transmitted when shaking hands with others.
  • Excessive anxiety and suspicion about the issue of closing the home lock. Thoughts about causing harm to children or those around.
  • Desire to scream.
  • Feeling of discomfort in situations where items are not arranged or out of place.
  • Hair plucking, which causes it to fall out.
  • A large number of doubts and the strong and determined desire to arrange objects and pay attention to the smallest details.
  • Exaggeration in arranging the external appearance satisfactorily.
  • Exaggeration in storing old things, on the pretext that one day he may need them.
  • Check your home litter for fear of losing something wrong.

 

Complications:

  • drug abuse and alcohol abuse.
  • Having suicidal thoughts and attempts to implement them.
  • Depression and eating disorders.
  • Inability to perform job duties and duties.
  • Forming a few superficial social relationships.
  • Skin infections. Anxiety, tension, and fear of the next.
  • Fear of failing in some things.
  • Ideas and imaginations of the divine self and the prophets cannot be deterred. 

 

Treatment

There are two basics followed in treating OCD:

1.  Psychotherapy.

2.  Treatment with medication and prescription drugs.

Behavioral therapy is one of the most effective psychological treatments in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder for all ages, and it is called Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT).

There are a variety of drugs that specialize in treating and reducing OCD and treatment often begins with antidepressants, which can raise the level of serotonin, which is little in sufferers.

Psychological treatments and drug treatments may not be effective in overcoming the problem of obsessive-compulsive disorder, so doctors resort to other treatment methods, including:

  • Magnetic stimulation therapy.
  • Electroslag treatment.
  • Deep brain stimulation therapy.

These methods have not been primarily tested in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and that is why we must understand the pros and cons of their use.

 


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