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baby feeding schedule

Baby feeding

A complete, balanced diet is important for a child's health; Baby feeding can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as: obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes, and contributes improving brain health, maintaining a healthy weight, improving mental health, and reducing the risk of anxiety and depression later.

Baby feeding schedule 

Following a healthy, balanced, complete, and appropriate diet for the child helps him to grow healthy, and reduce the risk of childhood obesity, and baby feeding from 6 months to two years includes:

From 6 months to 8 months: The child eats 4-6 times a day, and also needs natural milk in an amount of 180-240 milliliters per feeding, and the mother can feed the child iron-rich mashed meat, fruits, vegetables, green peas, carrots, and sweet potatoes, Apples, pears, bananas, and peaches, and it is preferable to provide vegetables first before fruits, and the amount of food varies from one child to another depending on how much he eats, and the size of his body, and the amount ranges from two tablespoons (30 grams) to 2 cups (480 grams) of fruits and vegetables per day. There are several ways to know if a child is ready to eat foods, including the following:

  • The weight of the child has doubled.
  • Baby controls head and neck movements.
  • Sitting ability.
  • Feeling full by turning his head away, or not opening his mouth.
  • Pay attention to food when other people eat it.

Among the tips for feeding children at this age are the following:

  • Avoid honey; Because it contains bacteria that cause poisoning.
  • Avoid cow's milk; Because it is difficult to digest, it is given until the child is one year old.
  • Do not put an empty milk bottle when sleeping; Because that causes tooth decay.
  • Mother's use of a teaspoon when feeding the baby.
  • Start by giving him water between meals.
  • Offer new and varied foods to the child when he is hungry;
  • To know after 3 days that he is allergic to food or not, and its symptoms include diarrhea, rash, and vomiting.
  • The mother avoids giving the child foods that contain salt or sugar.

From 8 months to 12 months: At this age, the mother offers the child finger foods until he starts feeding himself with milk meals 3-4 times a day, examples of which are:

  • Cooked vegetables.
  • the fruit.
  • The toast.
  • the pasta.
  • Avoid foods that may cause choking, such as apples, grapes, berries, raisins, dry cereal, sausages, peanut butter, popcorn, nuts, seeds, sweets, and raw vegetables.
  • Give the baby egg yolk 3-4 times a week.
  • Offer small portions of cheese and yogurt.

At the age of one year: the child at this age is given full-fat milk while avoiding giving him low-fat milk until after the age of two years; Because it needs vitamins and fats for growth, and at this stage, it also gets vitamins and minerals from proteins, fruits, vegetables, bread, grains, and dairy products. Snacks, and at this age the child may lose weight due to movement and activity.

At the age of two years: the diet becomes moderate and low in fat; To avoid the risk of heart disease, obesity, and other disease problems, later on, the diet should contain the following:

  • A variety of foods, such as: bread, grains, proteins, fruits, vegetables, and different dairy products.
  • The use of fluoride-rich toothpaste is important for dental health.
  • Eat foods that contain calcium for bone growth.

Breastfeeding

The World Health Organization has declared that breastfeeding is the most important way to strengthen the bond between mother and infant; The frequent physical and skin contact between them during the breastfeeding process encourages joint responses, and it is characterized by giving the infant the complete nutrients necessary for healthy growth and development and protecting it from infection and some chronic diseases, so it is recommended to breastfeed infants up to 6 months of age at a rate of 8-12 times within 24 hours. With regard to the first week of birth, the breastfeeding period depends on the infant’s need and the rate of milk production from the mother. After the age of 6 months, the mother begins to provide solid food in conjunction with breastfeeding as long as she is able to provide milk and the child wants to do so.

Most mothers succeed in providing milk to the infant without any assistance from health professionals, family, and social organizations, and the appropriate breast position and correct communication between the mother and the infant is one of the most important keys to the success of the breastfeeding process.


Child undernutrition

Undernutrition in children is common, and one of its most important causes is the lack of a balanced diet, which leads to insufficient intake of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, such as eating foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt, such as potato chips, chocolate, soft drinks, and fast food, which exposes them to the risk of nutritional deficiency, and the most important symptoms accompanying this situation are the following:

  • Weight loss or gain.
  • Constipation, and problems in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • pallor in the face;
  • Tooth decay.
  • Delayed physical development.

 

Child food allergy

the child may develop an allergy to food, especially to the following foods; Peanuts, and nuts such as: walnuts, almonds, cashews, pistachios, cow's milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, soy, and wheat, the immune system produces a reaction that leads to the production of antibodies to the food as if it was a foreign body, causing symptoms that affect It affects the respiratory, digestive and heart systems, and these symptoms include the following:

  • Congestion and runny nose.
  • Coughing or sneezing.
  • diarrhea ;
  • feeling dizzy
  • Itching around the mouth or ears, as well as swelling of the mouth, tongue, or face.
  • nausea;
  • Skin rash with itching, redness of the skin.
  • breathing difficulties.
  • stomach pain.
  • Having a strange taste in the mouth.
  • vomiting;

A child's food allergy is diagnosed based on a physical examination, and comprehensive information about the foods he ate before symptoms appeared, and other tests include the following:

Skin allergy examination: It is one of the most common tests, as it checks for the presence of antibodies resulting from allergens, such as: foods, pollen, or animal dander. 

A small amount of these allergens is placed on the skin, and after 15 minutes the child may feel stinging or tingling. The skin begins to sting, and this test is not for children with severe eczema.

Blood tests: measure the presence of antibodies in the blood; It's done when a skin test isn't possible, and this test takes longer to get results, and it's also expensive.

Examination of foods: This examination is carried out by giving the child a small amount of the allergen, or inhaling the substances that caused it, and observing the reaction.

There is no treatment that may prevent or treat a child from food allergy, but it depends mainly on staying away from allergenic foods, or foods that contain their causes, as a doctor should be consulted if the infant is allergic to certain foods, and older children are always given an injection of epinephrine in cases of severe reaction, but in case of allergy to milk, soy milk is offered, and when there is a problem with the composition of soy, a mixture of non-allergic and easy-to-digest foods is given.

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