Health Benefits Of Sumac Spice And Side Effects

Health Benefits Of Sumac Spice And Side Effects


Sumac Health Benefits

What Is Sumac Spice?

Sumac is used in the Arab world as a condiment for some foods, and it belongs to the cashew family or the Anacardiaceae family, in addition to its use as a natural coloring for some medicines, dyes, and drinks, and has many health benefits that made it one of the plants used in ancient medicine, There are some studies that support you, although you still need more detailed studies to study the effect more accurately, and in the following, some of these benefits are mentioned:

Health Benefit Of Sumac Spice

1-Rich in antioxidants

Sumac contains many chemical compounds with an antioxidant effect, such as tannins, anthocyanin, and flavonoids, which protect cells from damage caused by oxidative stress that occurs in cells, and scientists believe that this property is what made sumac Its beneficial medicinal properties, according to a study conducted in 2020 to study the medicinal properties present in sumac.

There is also some research that showed that antioxidant foods contribute to reducing inflammation, as indicated by a study conducted in 2010, and this would reduce the risk of developing heart diseases.

2-May contribute to blood sugar regulation

Some studies have shown that sumac may help regulate blood sugar and maintain it within its normal limits. In a study, 22 diabetics were given about 3 grams of sumac, while 19 diabetics were given a placebo for three months, and the study resulted in a decrease in blood sugar. For patients who consumed about 13% of sumac, in addition, it may contribute to reducing insulin resistance by lowering and controlling blood sugar levels.

3-May reduce muscle soreness

In a study conducted in 2016 on a group of people who do not suffer from any diseases and of the age group (15-25) years, and they were practicing aerobic exercises within a specific program, and part of them was given sumac juice, while the other part was a placebo juice free of sumac twice a day For about 30 days, the study showed that the group that consumed sumac juice had less muscle pain caused by aerobic exercise than the group that did not take it.

4-May reduce bone density loss

In a study published in the Journal of Applied Oral Science in 2015, conducted on animals to demonstrate the effect of sumac consumption on bone health, it showed that consumption of sumac extract in mice altered the balance of many proteins involved in bone metabolism, which resulted in a decrease in bone loss. They have, and therefore it is believed that sumac may contribute to reducing bone loss in patients with osteoporosis, and it should be noted the need for more clinical studies that support this benefit in humans.

Table Of Nutritional Values ​​For Sumac

At the beginning of the article, we mentioned that sumac possesses many nutrients that give it the beneficial medicinal and health properties of its users, and the most prominent healthy fats it possesses are linoleic acid (one of the polyunsaturated fatty acids that maintain the health of cells and their cell membrane), and oleic acid (one of the monounsaturated fats that have health benefits for the heart), with a fiber ratio that supports the health of the digestive system of about 14%, plus it contains some vitamins in small quantities as vitamin c, vitamin B6, vitaminB1, vitamin B2, can be a statement of the elements The important nutrients it possesses are listed in the following table: 


Nutritional values


7.6 calories


0.1 g


77 milligrams


53 milligrams


1.3 g


0.9 g

Vitamin A

16% of the recommended daily value


2.6% of the recommended daily value


0.4 g


Sumac Spice Side Effects

Despite the fact that sumac is a commonly used spice, it may produce certain negative effects in certain populations., and the following is a statement of these effects:

Suffering from an allergic reaction: People who suffer from allergies to nuts may suffer from an allergy to sumac because it belongs to the family of cashews, but in relation to the compound Alayrycheol poison it is in some types of sumac own which causes inflammation skin, or the rash or itching, Fortunately, it is not found in sumac, which is used in Arabic spices.

Unwanted weight loss: Some people may experience weight loss when eating sumac excessively and daily, as it may increase the activity of the anti-lipase that prevents the absorption of fats in the small intestine.

Related topic about Weight loss

Drug interaction: High amounts of sumac may interact with some medications such as; Statins to lower cholesterol, blood pressure medications, and diabetes treatments.

How Can Sumac Be Introduced To The Diet?

Most people use sumac as a condiment for food, as it improves the taste of food, and gives it a distinctive color, especially that its taste is similar to the acidity of lemon, so it may be used in sweets or citrus in general, so some use it alone, while others may add it to thyme to support its taste, especially in our Arab region It is also added to grilled meats, vegetables, in addition to some baked goods, but some may wonder about the possibility of a food supplement containing sumac.

In general, doctors recommend not consuming more than 3 grams per day, as it is the safe dose to use, and we always recommend the importance of consulting a doctor or pharmacist about the possibility of using sumac supplement or about the safe dose for one according to one’s general health.

Poison Sumac Vs Sumac

there is a need to distinguish between sweet sumac and poison sumac, as poison sumac has white fruits, while sweet sumac famous by its red color is produced by the edible sumac plant, and poison sumac is one of the types of plants that cause allergic reactions in the skin. In many outdoor areas, poison ivy and poison oak, contact with any of these plants can cause an allergic skin reaction.

A rash appears within short days of contact with poison sumac. Swelling, spots, bumps, or fluid-filled blisters, but the fluid that comes out of the blisters is not contagious, but you should be careful of the oil extracted from sumac, which may be contagious, and blisters can become infected, and some signs of infected blisters include:

  • Increase and exacerbation of redness around the pimple.
  • Pain caused by blisters increases over time.
  • Swellings in pimples.
  • Fluid or pus draining from the blister.
  • A yellow crust appears around the area.

Is Sumac Good For Your Skin?

The properties of sumac for facial skin are many, and the benefits of sumac for facial skin have been mentioned in many beauty books and magazines. Sumac contains very high amounts of vitamin C in its composition. The presence of this vitamin reduces and removes facial skin wrinkles.

Scientists recommend testing a little bit of sumac mask on your skin before applying it to your face. Sumac's vitamin C and antioxidant content effectively eliminate superficial wrinkles and improves deep wrinkles.

You can also watch this very helpful video on What is SUMAC? its benefits & uses.



"Sumac", Britannica, Retrieved 17/6/2021. Edited.

"SweetSumac", WebMD. Edited.

Ansley Hill (5/11/2020), "Sumac: Benefits, Uses, and Forms ", Healthline, Retrieved 1/6/2021. Edited.

Ali Sabzghabaee, Roya Kelishadi, Keivan Golshiri, And Others, "Clinical Effects of Rhuscoriaria Fruits on Dyslipidemia in Adolescents: a Triple-blinded RandomizedPlacebo-controlled Trial", Medical Archives, Retrieved 17/6/2021. Edited.